Jim Humphrey Consulting


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Introduction to the Pauline Epistles: The Perfect Design of Scripture: The Gospel of the Grace of God - through Faith:

Volume 5, Number 1

In Volume 5, I hope to cover all words relating to faith in the thirteen epistles identified as the Apostle Paul’s. This includes Romans through Philemon as well as Hebrews, as there are a number of indications that Paul also wrote Hebrews. If so, we have fourteen epistles wherein Paul reveals the Gospel of the Grace of God he received directly from the Lord Jesus Christ in heaven. The number fourteen is significant since seven in Scripture signifies Spiritual perfection and therefore fourteen implies a measure of double Spiritual perfection. *Paul wrote: “All scripture is given by inspiration of God,... Continue reading →

Faith in Romans, Part 1 - The Obedience of Faith among all Gentile Nations:

Volume 5, Number 2

This is the first in a series examining the use of the Greek word pistis, (G4002) usually translated “faith” in Romans where it occurs 40 times, the most frequent in any New Testament (NT) book. Today, we’ll compare the first and last occurrences of faith and then the 2nd through the 6th in the first chapter:• First occurrence; “By whom (the Lord Jesus Christ) we (Paul and his fellow apostles) have received grace and apostleship, for obedience to the faith among all nations, for his name:” Romans 1:5,• Fortieth and last occurrence; “Now to him that is of power to... Continue reading →

Faith in Romans, Part 2: The Gospel revealed to Paul reveals the Righteousness of God and by which believers are saved and unbelievers are judged:

Volume 5, Number 3

Today, we’ll revisit two significant verses from the last study: “For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to everyone that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.” Romans 1:16 “For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, the just shall live by faith.” Romans 1:17.The word “gospel” in verse 16 is translated from the Greek “euanggelion” (G2098) found 77 times in the New Testament (NT), meaning “good or glad news.” In the NT it is used in... Continue reading →

Faith in Romans, Part 3: The Gospel of Grace: Salvation for Believers but Judgment for Unbelievers:

Volume 5, Number 4

The last two studies covered Romans 1:1 - 17 wherein the word “faith” occurs six times, teaching, among other things, the Gospel of Christ that the Lord Jesus Christ revealed to the Apostle Paul “is the power of God unto salvation to everyone that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek,” Romans 1:16. That same Gospel also reveals the righteousness of God throughout history, i.e., from faith to faith: because for anyone at any time in history to be just or righteous before God required faith, Romans 1:17. That’s not faith for faith’s sake; that is faith... Continue reading →

Faith in Romans, Part 4: The Faith and to Whom it is Attributed:

Volume 5, Number 5

The word “faith” occurs 9 times in the third chapter of Romans but before going there, this is a good time to review to whom faith is attributed. Faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen, Hebrews 11:1, and at this time, I see it attributed in Acts and the Scripture following: 1) as the name of a Gospel as a body of truth, i.e., “the faith;” 2) Jesus Christ’s faith, thus it is referred to as “the faith of Jesus Christ;” 3) the faith of individual members of the Body of Christ.1 -... Continue reading →

Faith in Romans, Part 5: Two Sides of Faith: God’s and Man’s:

Volume 5, Number 6

The word “faith” is found 9 times in the third chapter of Romans, the first being our text for today; “For what if some did not believe? shall their unbelief make the faith of God without effect?” Romans 3:3. To understand this verse, we first need to understand the essence of faith. It’s often said that the Bible is the best commentary on itself and Scripture is very clear about faith: “Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.” Hebrews 11:1. The word “substance” is translated from the Greek “hupostasis”* (G5187) found 5... Continue reading →

Faith in Romans, Part 6: Righteousness Through the Faith of Jesus Christ; the Righteousness of God by Faith - His Wonderful Christmas Gift to Us:

Volume 5, Number 7

Shortly before he was martyred, the Apostle Paul wrote the Philippians from his Roman prison cell: “Yea doubtless, and I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them but dung, that I may win Christ, And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith:” Philippians 3:8 - 9. Many years before writing this, Paul wrote... Continue reading →

Romans 4: Abraham, The Father of Faith: Part 1:

Volume 5, Number 8

Both Muslims and Jews reverence Abraham as their father. Unfortunately, all Muslims and I dare say the majority of Jews reverence him after the flesh only, which does not make them righteous before God. They fail to recognize him as the father of Faith - the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all that believe.Our last study examined the 9 occasions of the word “faith” in the 3rd chapter of Romans, which teaches that no one can be justified by the works of the law, Romans 3:20, and the only way anyone,... Continue reading →

Abraham, The Father of Faith, Part 2: Righteousness Imputed/Put on his Account as well as on Ours:

Volume 5, Number 9

Our last study brought us to Romans 4:12. Today, we step back and consider the Greek word “logizomai” (G3049) in the fourth chapter of Romans and what it teaches us. It occurs 41 times in the New Testament (NT). The King James (KJV) translates it with 13 different English words: 9 times it is “think,” 8 as “impute,” 6 as “reckon,” 5 “count,” 4 “account,” twice as “suppose,” and once each as “reason,” “number,” “despise,” “conclude,” “esteem,” “think on” and “lay to (one’s) charge.” The Greek Lexicon defines it: “to occupy one’s self with reckonings or calculations. To reckon or... Continue reading →

Faith in Romans - Abraham, Part 3 - The Father of all who Believe, whether Jew or Gentile:

Volume 5, Number 10

God blessed Abraham greatly and he is referred to by name 74 times in the New Testament. (Jesus is named the most frequently, Paul 2nd, Peter 3rd, Moses 4th and Abraham 5th; five in Scripture being the number for grace.) This doesn’t mean Abraham was any better than any other human being because the Bible teaches that everyone has sinned and come short of God’s Glory, Romans 3:23; there is absolutely none righteous, no not one, Romans 3:10. He was a pagan idol worshiper named Abram, Joshua 24:2; Genesis 12:1; Acts 7:2 when God called him and changed his name... Continue reading →

Faith in Romans - Chapter 5 - Part 1: Joy/Glory In Tribulations:

Volume 5, Number 11

Note these key words in Romans, chapter 5:• “Grace” is found 6 times in the fifth chapter, which is the most often in any chapter in Romans. It’s found 25 times in Romans, the most often in any New Testament (NT) book and is translated from the Greek “charis” (G5385).• Two different Greek words are used to describe death. The Greek word “Thanatos” (G2288) is found 22 times in the book of Romans, the most often of any NT book and 6 are in the fifth chapter. (Interestingly, Thanatos was the personification of death in Greek mythology; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thanatos.)• The other... Continue reading →

Faith in Romans - Chapter 5 - Part 2 - Grace & Death; God’s Grace Shown, Proved, Established, Exhibited To Us By His death:

Volume 5, Number 12

In Romans, the Apostle Paul established that no one can be justified (stand righteous) before God by any kind of work/s, including adherence to the Law, religion or by any other means by quoting passages from the Old Testament (OT); “As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.” Romans 3:10 - 12. He added: “For all have sinned and come short of the... Continue reading →

Faith in Romans - Chapter 5 - Part 3 - From Being Enemies of God to Rejoicing in Christ’s Finished Work of Atonement and being Blessed with all Spiritual Blessings in Heavenly Places:

Volume 5, Number 13

The last study wound up at Romans 5:6 - 8, observing that many believers don’t fully grasp the impact of these 3 verses. They teach that no one deserves Jesus Christ’s sacrificial death, so no one will ever be able to say they even remotely earned what He did for them on the cross. On the contrary, Christ died for us when we were sinners and totally alienated from God. “But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.” Romans 5:8. The Greek word translated “commendeth” means “to show, prove, establish,... Continue reading →

Faith in Romans - Chapter 5 - Part 4: Death by Adam - Eternal Life by Jesus Christ our Lord:

Volume 5, Number 14

“Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:” Romans 5:12. There’s been a lot of death since Adam, in fact, everyone born after Adam has died (except Enoch and Elijah). One Internet site estimates that at the time of the worldwide flood, the earth’s population could have been 30 billion people, considering the fact people lived long healthy lives and taking into consideration the earth’s maximum sustainable food production, http://www.amunrud.com/noah/population.html. Of course, there’s no way of knowing for sure, but most likely... Continue reading →

Faith in Romans - Chapter 6 - Part 1: Since Believers are dead in Christ, should they continue in sin? - Let it not be; God’s Grace is not license to sin:

Volume 5, Number 15

“What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound? God forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein?” Romans 6:1 - 2. These rhetorical questions are a linchpin that transitions from doctrine in previous chapters to practical application that follows. The last three verses of chapter 5 somewhat recap the doctrine: “For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. Moreover, the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:... Continue reading →

Faith in Romans - Chapter 6 - Part 2: Law vis a vis Grace; Yielding as Slaves to Sin and Death vis a vis To Righteousness:

Volume 5, Number 16

Our previous study noted the word “God” in the phrase “God forbid” in the King James Version (KJV) in Romans 6:2 and Romans 6:15 is not in the original manuscripts, whereas the Greek actually translate into English as “let it not be.”* Thus, believers are warned: “let it not be” that we live any longer in sin since we are dead to sin having been baptized (identified with) the death of Jesus Christ, Romans 6:2 - 7. And, though we are not under law but under grace, “let it not be” that we sin, Romans 6:14 - 15.Law vis a... Continue reading →

Faith in Romans - Chapter 7: The Believer’s Relationship to the Law while being Born of Adam but Alive in the Body of Jesus Christ our Lord:

Volume 5, Number 17

The word “faith” occurs 40 times in Romans and 27 of those are prior to Romans 5:2, about 68% of the total. It doesn’t appear in the rest of the 5th chapter, nor in the 6th, 7th or 8th chapters. Of course, there is a good reason for this. Romans 5:1 - 2 reads: “Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ: By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.” These are blessed assurances for believers; we stand... Continue reading →

Faith in Romans - Chapter 8: No Condemnation/ Judgement on Believers in Christ Jesus who before were Sinners Condemned to Death:

Volume 5, Number 18

The first verse of Romans chapter 8 sums up the previous 3 chapters: “There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus,” Romans 8:1. (The King James Version [KJV] adds the phrase “who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.” The New International Version [NIV] is correct in omitting this phrase as it does not appear in the original manuscripts. However, this phrase is in Romans 8:4 in both the KJV and the NIV.) The Greek word translated “condemnation” in Romans 8:1 is from the Greek “katak’rima” (G2631), a particular form found only 3... Continue reading →

Faith in Romans - Chapter 8, Part 2: The Believer’s “Abba Father,” Present Suffering & Glory to Follow:

Volume 5, Number 19

Our last study covered Romans 8:1 - 11, recapping the good news that there is no judgement against believers in Christ Jesus who formerly were sinners condemned to death. Today, we continue with Romans 8:12 that begins with the word “therefore,” which means “accordingly, consequently, those things being so,” introducing the statement “…. we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh,” Romans 8:12. Thus, since believers are no longer under condemnation, they no longer owe or have an obligation to live after the lusts of the sinful flesh in which they were born. But the next... Continue reading →

Faith in Romans, Chapter 8, Part 3: The Sovereignty of God; While Believers suffer The Holy Spirit Intercedes & All Things Work Together for Good to Them:

Volume 5, Number 20

Part 1 in our study of Chapter 8 (Vol 5, No 19) recapped the good news that there is no judgement against believers in Christ Jesus who formerly were sinners condemned to death, Romans 8:1 - 11. Part 2 (Vol 5, No 19) examined the believer’s personal relationship as children of God who call Him “Abba Father,” notwithstanding the suffering endured in these bodies of flesh while looking forward to the Glory that will follow, Romans 8:12 - 23. Reviewing verses 22 & 23: “For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now,” Romans... Continue reading →

Faith in Romans, Introduction to Chapters 9, 10 & 11; God’s promises to Israel and what has happened to them:

Volume 5, Number 21

About 3844 years ago, at a time when the entire human race worshiped pagan gods, God called Abram (later Abraham) out of that morass of sin. He promised Abram that his progeny would become a great nation, God would bless those who bless him and curse those who curse him and all nations of the earth would be blessed through him, Genesis 12:1 - 3. Abram believed and did as God instructed, i.e., he obeyed in faith. God subsequently promised Abraham that if man can number the dust of the earth, then shall his seed be numbered and they will... Continue reading →

The Battle of the Wills or God’s Will for the Heavens and the Earth In the Fullness of Time

Volume 5, Number 22

The English dictionary gives a number of synonyms for the word “will:” “choice, discretion, determination, purpose, command, direction, desire,” etc. The Greek word translated “will,” referred to later in this study means that faculty of the mind by which is determined either to do or not to do something so this is what is referred to as “will” in this presentation.All humans have a will; some strong, some weak; we all have desires, choices, purposes, etc. and it appears God’s heavenly creatures have wills from what is recorded about the one that was probably the most prominent:“How art thou fallen... Continue reading →

Romans 9:1 - 11: The Sovereignty of God in Election & Restoration:

Volume 5, Number 23

The 9th, 10th & 11th chapters form the second great section of the Romans epistle. The first section, chapters 1 - 8, teach justification by faith by the Grace of God apart from works, common to all, whether Jew or Gentile. The problem of how to reconcile this with the special privileges granted to the Nation of Israel is resolved in chapters 9, 10 & 11 with the doctrine or teaching of the Sovereignty of God in Election and Restoration. *Saul, who became the Apostle Paul, exemplifies Israel’s Election and Restoration. Prior to the Lord Jesus Christ appearing to him,... Continue reading →

Romans 9:12 - 29: The Sovereignty of God in Election & Restoration, Part 2:

Volume 5, Number 24

We continue in the 9th chapter of Romans where the Apostle Paul reveals the doctrine of the Sovereignty of God in Election and Restoration, which has caused misunderstandings and divisions in the Christian community for 1900 years or so. Part of the problem is that some either don’t recognize or don’t want to admit the human condition. This is evidenced when, at the mere mention of election, they respond that they know God didn’t arbitrarily choose for them to go to heaven and condemn others to hell. They apparently don’t understand that everyone, Jew or Gentile, is under sin, Romans... Continue reading →

Romans 9:30 - 10:8: The Sovereignty of God in Election & Restoration, Part 3: Faith Always necessary, whether Jew or Gentile:

Volume 5, Number 25

Our last two studies covered Romans 9:1 - 29, which begins with the Apostle Paul writing that he could wish himself accursed from Christ for his brethren, his kinsmen according to the flesh, Romans 9:1 - 3: “Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises; Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed forever. Amen.” Romans 9:4 - 5. The last phrase here reminds us: our Lord Jesus Christ... Continue reading →

Romans 10:5 - 21: Part 4: Faith by Hearing and Hearing by the Word of God; To Hear or not to Hear, that is the Question:

Volume 5, Number 26

Chapters 9 - 11 of Romans teach the Sovereignty of God in Election & Restoration: Election in that God chose/elected the Nation of Israel to be His people, however they rejected Him, first when they crucified their Messiah, then when they stoned His messenger Stephen to death, thus rejecting the offer of His Kingdom; Restoration in that a remnant of Israel will someday be placed in a position of prominence as the leading Kingdom on earth when the Lord Jesus Christ returns after the Tribulation. The end of the 9th and the full 10th chapter document the status of Israel... Continue reading →

Romans 11: Part 5: Gentiles, Branches cut from the Wild Olive Tree vis-a-vis Israel, the Natural Olive Tree Branches:

Volume 5, Number 27

Whereas the 10th chapter of Romans explains how individual Jews and Gentiles are saved into The Body of Christ by grace through faith, the 11th chapter deals with the restoration of the Nation of Israel and the salvation of Gentile Nations. Unfortunately, this truth was obscured by early church fathers shortly after Paul revealed it. It was promoted as “replacement theology,” i.e., the false teaching that the Christian Church has replaced National Israel regarding the plan, purpose and promises of God, (What is Replacement Theology). This belief exists to one degree or another today by many who either don’t understand... Continue reading →

Romans 11: Part 6: Election and Restoration; The Unfathomable Riches of the Wisdom and Knowledge of God:

Volume 5, Number 28

Remembering that Romans 11 deals with the restoration of the Nation of Israel and the salvation of Gentile Nations we continue where we left off in the last study at Romans 11:21: “For if God spared not the natural branches, take heed lest he also spare not thee.” This has nothing to do with the individual believer’s eternal security, Romans 8:38 - 39, it has to do with the Gentile Nations vis-à-vis the Nation of Israel. The “natural branches” refer to the Nation of Israel and the warning to heed lest “God also spare not thee” is directed to the... Continue reading →

Correction to Vol 5 - No 28 published May 24, 2021, titled: Romans 11: Part 6: Election and Restoration; The Unfathomable Riches of the Wisdom and Knowledge of God:

Volume 5, Number 29

A reader pointed out an error in my last publication and I stand corrected, appreciate the input, and present this correction. The error is in the first paragraph of the study, quoted as follows:“Remembering that Romans 11 deals with the restoration of the Nation of Israel and the salvation of Gentile Nations we continue where we left off in the last study at Romans 11:21: “For if God spared not the natural branches, take heed lest he also spare not thee.” This has nothing to do with the individual believer’s eternal security, Romans 8:38 - 29, it has to do... Continue reading →