Abraham, Moses & the Law in Hebrews 11Volume 2, Number 10
Created Date: July 17, 2005
Posted Date: July 17, 2005
Vol 2 - No 10, July 17, 2005
Abraham, Moses and the Law:
The eleventh chapter of Hebrews has been our guide in these studies of faith. As already mentioned there are two (2) groups of eight (8) individuals named therein. The first group lived during the time recorded in the book of Genesis where Abraham stands out from the others as the primary figure -& 13 - 19. As we have begun Volume 2 our studies have had to do with Moses who is the primary person in the second group of eight (8) - Hebrews 11: 23 - 29. Abraham and Moses had individual and distinct missions in life but they also shared similar experiences. By faith in God's Word Abraham left his home land and went to a land promised him. He lived there as a stranger, never having owned it. Similarly, it was by faith in God's Word that Moses left the luxury, safety and privilege of his home in Pharaoh's palace to suffer with the people of God and lead them to the Promised Land that he himself never entered. Both died with the faith they would someday posses that land.
By Abraham and Moses God prepared the way for His Word, the Man of faith Jesus Christ. The Word of God left the luxury, safety and privilege of heaven,, 14, and lived in the land promised to Abraham and his progeny. As Isaac, the son of promise was miraculously conceived by Abraham and his wife Sarah by faith in the Word of God, , so the Word of God was conceived as the Man of promise: "Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ." - . Abraham received the sign of circumcision as a seal of the righteousness obtained by faith and is the father of faith to all who thereafter believe in Jesus Christ - , 12 & 16. Thus it was by Abraham that God taught it is only by faith in Jesus Christ that we can be right before God - Romans 4.
Abraham offered his promised son as a sacrifice to God by faith in God's Word that he would be raised up -. Jesus Christ, the Living Word of God, spoke of the manner of His own death and of the fact He would be raised from the dead after three (3) days - . By faith Moses and the people kept the Passover, sacrificing and eating the lamb without blemish, placing it's blood upon their door posts, which delivered them from the bondage of sin and death in Egypt - . Jesus Christ was the Passover sacrificial lamb, , I Corinthians 5:7, that has saved His people from the slavery of sin and death. "The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world." - . Subsequent to the Passover all first born males of Israel had to be redeemed by payment (first born animals were sacrificed), , 15, etc., which payment was a type of Christ"s blood that finally and completely redeemed His people: "Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers; But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot: Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you, Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God." - I Peter 1:18 - 21.
Moses led the Children of Israel out and to the Promised Land and during their journey God provided them food and water to sustain life. Jesus Christ, the Living Word of God, is the bread of life and by His body we have eternal life -58. Jesus Christ lived in the Promised Land never having possessed anything except the clothes on His back and even those were taken by one of the soldiers that crucified Him. But He left that land with the faith He would some day return and rule as King of Kings and Lord of Lords - ; .
The work that the Word of God did through Abraham and Moses helped set the stage for the final work of Jesus Christ. But mankind still had to learn in a real and personal way that redemption and salvation from sin and death cannot be accomplished by anything he can do for himself. And so God gave the Law to Moses to teach mankind the need for the saving faith of Jesus Christ. "Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law. But the scripture hath concluded all under sin that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe. But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed. Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith." -25.
As a schoolmaster the law taught mankind he was sinful through and through: "For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:" -. The finished work of Christ gives righteousness to all who believe in Him: "For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth. For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them. But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down from above:) Or, Who shall descend into the deep? (that is, to bring up Christ again from the dead.) But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach; That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.- .
What started with the Word of God to Abraham and Moses was completed with the Word of God coming as the Man of faith: "So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the Word of God." -. "Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law." - . "Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified." - Galations 2:16. "Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of (the word "our" is not in the original) faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God." - .